He gives sure footing when the path is narrow and treacherous. Compare Isaiah 27:3. Behold, He who keeps Israel will neither slumber nor sleep.” There is a very simple message here: God never sleeps, slumbers or naps. The influence of the moon, in producing madness or disease - the general influence of it on health - is often referred to. Verse 6 also defines the scope of God’s protective care. What is the background of Psalm 121? He never closes his eyes on the condition of his people, on the needs of the world. Which made heaven and earth - The great Creator of the universe. From whence cometh my help - A more literal rendering would be, “Whence cometh my help?” This accords best with the usage of the Hebrew word, and agrees well with the connection. I will lift up mine eyes - Margin, “Shall I lift up mine eyes to the hills? The allusion here is to what is now called a “sun-stroke” - the effect of the burning sun on the brain. Q: There are at least 3 probabilities as to the meaning of “I will lift up my. i. The Lord is your shade on your right hand. The Lord, unlike man, is a reliable … 1870. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Thus Shakespeare says: She comes more near the earth than she was wont. ( Log Out /  Compare the notes at Psalm 38:16. It is, that the people of God must always be safe; that their great Guardian never slumbers; and that he, as one of his people, might, therefore, confidently look for his protecting care. … It might be the language of the leader of an army, endangered, and looking to the “hills” where he expected reinforcements; it might be that of a pious man encompassed with dangers, anal using this expression as illustrative of his looking up to God; or it might be the language of one looking directly to heaven, represented as the heights, or the exalted place where God dwells; or it might be the language of one looking to the hills of Jerusalem - the seat of the worship of God - the place of His abode - as his refuge, and as the place from where only help could come. The language is such, indeed, as might then be employed, but it is also such as might be used on many other occasions. The Lord shall preserve thou going out and thy coming in - Preserve thee in going out and coming in; in going from thy dwelling, and returning to it; in going from home and coming back; that is, everywhere, and at all times. We need God’s protection because we are vulnerable both day and night. There is no proof, however, that either of these suppositions is correct. See Rosenmuller, Morgenland, in loc. In fact, the word lunatic, used to describe the insane, came from this belief (see also Matthew 17:15). He now makes the remark general, and says that God would not only preserve from these particular evils, but would keep those who trusted in him from all evil: he would be their Protector in all the perils of life. He watches over us in the night from dangers that we cannot see. The Lord is thy shade - The Lord is as a shadow: as the shadow of a rock, a house, or a tree, in the intense rays of the burning sun. It is often the case that when we are experiencing demanding and difficult circumstances we lose sleep. Psalms 122. Shall neither slumber nor sleep - Never slumbers, never ceases to be watchful. The psalmist was familiar with the effects of the sun on man and beast in the arid climate of Israel. He will keep your soul. eyes to the mountains”. What the danger was cannot now be ascertained. To the quarter from where I look for assistance. Nor the moon by night. In Psalm 121:3b-4 we are told, “[God] who keeps you will not slumber. See Genesis 31:40. Others call it the traveller’s psalm (for there is nothing in it of military dangers) and think David penned it when he was going abroad, and designed it pro vehiculo—for the carriage, for a good … Some have supposed that he refers to the sudden cold which follows the intense heat of the day in Oriental countries, and which, because the moon rules the night, as the sun does the day, is either poetically or literally attributed to the moon. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. He would thus be at hand, or would be ready to interpose in defense of him whom he was to guard. He never slumbers nor sleeps like human sentries. The Lord offers protection from evil (see also Matthew 6:13). 8) refers to an effect, which he says is common, and which he had often seen, of sleeping in the moon-beams, of making the neck stiff, so that it could not be turned from side to side as before. Not to the hills and mountains … In Hebrew literature, a way of expressing totality was by naming a pair of opposites (“sun” and “moon” or “day” and “night”) to include everything between (see also Psalm 91:5-6). 121:7   The Lord will protect you from all evil; The Lord offers protection from the elements, particularly the debilitating effects of sunstroke and moonstroke. According to Ps 121:1 this psalm was designed to be sung in view of the mountains of Jerusalem, and is manifestly an evening song for the sacred band of pilgrims, to be sung in the last night watch, the figures of which are also peculiarly suitable for a pilgrim song; and with Psalm 122, which, according to the express announcement in the introduction, was sung, when the sacred pilgrim trains … (3) to the hills on which Jerusalem was built, as the place where God dwelt, and from where aid was expected. Compare Psalm 139:11-12. Knapp supposes the idea is, that from the moon‘s not giving a clear and full light like the sun, travelers trusting to its guidance may be led into rivers or quagmires. The question asked in verse 1 is answered in the verses that follow. Lackmann and Michaelis suppose that there is some allusion to the influence of the moon in producing various kinds of disease, and especially lunacy - an idea which gave origin to that name. 121:2   My help comes from the Lord, No evil that will endanger their salvation can befal them; nothing can happen to them here but what God shall see to be conducive to their ultimate good; and in the heavenly world they shall be safe forever from every kind of evil, for in that world there will be no sin, and consequently no need of discipline to prepare them for the future. Such effects of the sun are often fatal now, as doubtless they were in the time of the psalmist. You are safe in his protection. Who made heaven and earth. The true idea seems to be that there were effects to be dreaded from the sudden changes from the heat of day to the cold of night, and that these effects were attributed to the moon. He will keep time from danger; he will keep thee from sin; he will keep thee unto salvation. The Hebrew word means to smite, to strike, as with a rod or staff, or with the plague or pestilence; and then, to kill, to slay. TITLE, ETC. He watches over us in the daytime and protects us from dangers we can see. The sun shall not smite thee by day - The Septuagint renders this, “shall not burn thee” - συγκαύσει sungkausei So the Latin Vulgate. The word “all” stresses the fullness of God’s protective power and care.